英译汉:passage 1选自联合国教科文组织关于文化的一系列文件

In today’s interconnected world, culture’s power to transform societies is clear. Its diverse manifestations – from our cherished historic monuments and museums to traditional practices and contemporary art forms – enrich our everyday lives in countless ways. Heritage constitutes a source of identity and cohesion for communities disrupted by bewildering change and economic instability. Creativity contributes to building open, inclusive and pluralistic societies. Both heritage and creativity lay the foundations for vibrant, innovative and prosperous knowledge societies.



Culture is who we are and what shapes our identity. In September 2015 the United Nations General Assembly adopted the sustainable goals. UNESCO ensures that the role of culture is recognized through a majority of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), including those focusing on quality education, sustainable cities, the environment, economic growth, sustainable consumption and production patterns, peaceful and inclusive societies, gender equality and food security.



No development can be sustainable without a strong culture component. Indeed only a human-centered approach to development based on mutual respect and open dialogue among cultures can lead to lasting, inclusive and equitable results. Yet until recently, culture has been missing from the development strategy.



To ensure that culture takes its rightful place in development strategies and processes, UNESCO has adopted an approach: it spearheads worldwide advocacy for culture and development, while engaging with the international community to set clear policies and legal frameworks and working on the ground to support governments and local stakeholders to safeguard heritage, strengthen creative industries and encourage cultural pluralism.



Today, creativity is emerging as one of the most promising ways for changing how we see cities. Whether by revitalizing the local economy, rethinking transport or housing policies, reclaiming urban spaces, or opening up new horizons for young people, creativity is one of the driving forces behind urban policies and initiatives. Cities worldwide are focusing their attention on the cultural and creative industries as an inspiration for their future. This vision is promoted by elected representatives and city policy-makers, who see it as a strategic lever for innovation when it comes to tackling contemporary urban issues, whether on an economic, social or environmental front. More importantly, however, it is a vision shared by professionals and citizens, who are taking action in their own neighborhoods and communities to build more sustainable and more human cities.



This vision of creative urban governance is the driving force behind the UNESCO Creative Cities Programme and Network(联合国教科文组织创意城市网络). Since its creation in 2004, the Network has established itself as a strategic platform for promoting and sharing this new approach to sustainable cities. Through its standard-setting and operational actions, UNESCO has paved the way for demonstrating the essential role of creativity in urban sustainability, assisting national and local authorities and advocating this vision at an international level.



Culture and creativity play a key role in sustainable urban development. They contribute to diversifying the economy and generating jobs but they also enhance the quality of life of citizens by participating to a city’s social structure and cultural diversity.



汉译英passage 1


参考答案:As the capital of Zhejiang Province, Hangzhou is a famous historical and cultural city in China. In the same city, the Archaeological Ruins of Liangzhu City (located in Yuhang District), dating back to about 5,300 years ago, is one of the birthplaces of Chinese civilization.


参考答案:Hangzhou is globally famous for its beautiful landscape. “Up above there is Paradise, down here there are Suzhou and Hangzhou”. People’ sincere love for the beautiful city throughout history is embodied in this ancient Chinese proverb. The West Lake in the southwest of Hangzhou, with its beautiful scenery of lakes and mountains and numerous historical sites, is a world-renowned tourist attraction. It was officially included into the World Heritage List in 2011. In addition, the surging and mighty Qiantang River Tide also attracts countless visitors every year.


参考答案:Hangzhou boasts abundant historical sites and cultural relics. For example, the Grand Canal extending from Hangzhou in the south to Beijing in the north was first built in 1631. With a total length of about 1,797 km, it is the longest and oldest artificial waterway in the world. On June 22, 2014, the Grand Canal was officially selected into the World Heritage List.

在世界上,杭州也颇具有知名度。13世纪,意大利著名旅行家马可·波罗(Marco Polo)在游记中赞叹杭州为“世界上最美丽之城”。2011年,杭州曾被美国《纽约时报》评为全球41个旅游城市之一,被联合国评为“国际花园城市”。

参考答案:Hangzhou also enjoys a high reputation around the world. In the 13th century, the famous Italian traveler Marco Polo praised Hangzhou as “the most beautiful city in the world” in his travels. In 2011, Hangzhou was named as one of the 41 Global Destination Cities by the New York Times and was also selected as an “International Garden City” by the United Nations.


参考答案:The city also played a significant role in the establishment of Sino-US diplomatic relations. In January 2015, China proposed to develop the “tourism diplomacy”. As a famous tourism city, Hangzhou took the lead again in practicing the diplomacy.